oriental pied hornbill call

[2] Other target species include Rourea minor, Polyalthia viridis, Cinnamomum subavenium, Trichosanthes tricuspidata, and many others. It is not made of solid bone but of a honeycombed tissue. “A composite above shows the posture during calls. The range of the Oriental Pied Hornbill is known to overlap (Grimmett et al. At first i couldnt believe my eyes but the calling sound it made was very distinct, Sorry i do not have any pictures as camera and camera phones are not allowed in army camps, […] “In a previous post, Amar provided photos and descriptions of a female Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) LINK. These birds were thought to be escapees from the wild bird trade (Wang & Hails, 2007)12. I got the camera and rushed out without changing. It has also been noted that the species has been almost completely extirpated from southern China. There are 54 species of hornbills in the world, and eight of them are in Sarawak.This is why Sarawak has been dubbed the Land of the Hornbills. [5][6], The calls of the oriental pied hornbill have been described as crowlike sounds, braying sounds or harsh crackles and screeches[2], The oriental pied hornbill is found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, ranging across Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, Eastern and Northern India, Indonesia, Laos, North peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam and the Sunda shelf islands. It was hard to spot her in the foliage of a tall tree and as I got close she flew into the overgrown nearby graveyard. marchei). [1], Conservation efforts such as captive breeding and reintroduction are currently in practice. I followed (despite being “inappropriately” dressed) and saw a House Crow (Corvus splendens) chasing her off from another tree. [10], Hornbills are generally monogamous and breed between January and June; oriental pied hornbills typically commence breeding in February. [2], Hornbills are predominantly frugivores. The Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris is one of the frequently occurring hornbill species in Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary (26.87°N, 88.86°E) which lies in the Dooars region of This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. [2] Oriental pied hornbills have shown to return to their previous nest for subsequent nesting seasons. Three birds were perched on a leafless branch: two oriental pied hornbills, and one adult male helmeted hornbill. Juvenile A. albirostris resemble the adults, but have an undeveloped casque and a smaller bill. [7][12] The male forages for the female and chicks, and the female feeds the nestlings. It is also known by the name Lesser Pied Hornbill. Its call is a distinct and loud Gok! When this bird flies you hear a woosh! The oriental pied hornbill is a medium size bird with a head-to-tail length of 55-60 cm and a wingspan of 23-36 cm. The oriental pied hornbill's diet includes fruit, insects, shellfish, small reptiles and, sometimes, small mammals and birds including their eggs. Black Hornbill (Anthracoceros malayanus) bird calls on dibird.com. Fig 3 : Oriental Pied Hornbill Fig 4 : Oriental Pied Hornbill Fig 5 : Black Hornbill (male) Fig 1 : Great Hornbill (escapee) Buceros bicornis Location : Botanic Gardens, Singapore Habitat : Ornamental gardens. Two other common names for this species are sunda pied hornbill (convexus) and Malaysian pied hornbill. Both prior were in June-August months (dry season). “Today [13th June 2009, 6pm], just when arriving back from work, was delighted to hear a female calling out loudly, making some of my neighbor’s curious as to the sound. In order to provide better boxes, the team is conducting systematic nest searches in the forest to locate hornbill nests. The head would be arched back, the beak open and a loud “crackling bray/laugh” – HERE. Oriental Pied Hornbill in S eberang Perai (Kampung Raja Uda area, mainland Penang). The oriental pied hornbill. Portrait of Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) Features: A large bird (about 70cm) with black-and-white plumage. Few other bird species outside the hornbill family have large enough gape widths to allow them to disperse large seeds to special microsites or open habitats. There have been several sightings of a pair of Oriental Pied Hornbill checking on tree... “A male Blue Rock-thrush (Monticola solitarius madoci) in peak breeding plumage making a number of... […] Bird Ecology Study Group » Call of the Oriental Pied Hornbill besgroup.talfrynature.com/2010/06/17/call-of-the-oriental-pied-hornbill/ – view page – cached “Visits by the Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris convexus) to our urban Ipoh garden have been one of the most unexpected and delightful events in our lives. Pakke reserve houses a fourth species,the Rufous-Necked Hornbill- Vulnerable. The pair were often seen flying together but one day the male disappeared. The Oriental Pied hornbill, a rare bird and beloved bird of Chandigarh, is a far more dapper cousin of the State Bird, the Grey hornbill. [2] When foraging for food, they tend to select a few common species of fruit trees. “Visits by the Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris convexus) to our urban Ipoh garden have been one of the most unexpected and delightful events in our lives.Although there are many in Perak (Peninsular Malaysia), they are largely confined to lowland … Most hornbill watchers want to spot the surprisingly common rhinoceros hornbill, the largest of the species and a curious sight indeed. So it is A. a. convexus sbspecies. The tail is black with white tips on all the feathers except the central feathers (rectories). Nests found in human disturbed areas are however often unsuccessful or abandoned; in general, hornbills prefer undisturbed forest areas. Hornbill Food: Hornbills eat mainly fruit, but they also take insects and small animals including reptiles, birds and mammals. “Visits by the Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris convexus) to our urban Ipoh garden have been one of the most unexpected and delightful events in our lives. The oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) is an Indo-Malayan pied hornbill, a large canopy-dwelling bird belonging to the family Bucerotidae. [2] Two other common names for this species are Sunda pied hornbill (convexus) and Malaysian pied hornbill.[3]. Breeding in Oriental Region: Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo; can be seen in 6 countries. Although there are many in Perak (Peninsular Malaysia), they are largely confined to lowland rain forest, swampy location, near rivers and some islands. (Photograph by: Howard Banwell). [8] They show a preference towards trees belonging to the families Annonaceae, Meliaceae and Myristicaceae. [11] Cavities preferred by the oriental pied hornbill are elongate and may be located at a height between 1–18 m or more. Chicks remain inside the nest with the female for several months until there are ready to fledge. The bill, however, is not as heavy as it appears. Males can be distinguished from females by their larger body size, yellow bill, which has a black base, and bright red eyes. The Oriental pied-hornbill is basically a black-and-white bird: mostly black with a white belly and thighs, and white accents around the eye, on the wing tips and tail. During the non-breeding season, oriental pied hornbills feed more on non-fig fruit such as small sized berries, drupes, arillate capsules and lianas (woody vines), however the availability of these food items is lower in the breeding season, which suggests that the species increases its habitat range during that time. [2] Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [7], The main difference in the structural characteristics of nest cavities between hornbill species is cavity size, which is highly correlated with body size. [2][7], Hornbills are secondary cavity nesters, meaning that they typically do not excavate their own nesting sites but use those created by other birds or by branches breaking off. [11] When females have selected and entered their nest, they seal the cavity with a mixture of saliva, mud, fruit, droppings and tree bark, leaving only a small opening through which food may be passed in. Fortunately I had recoded her calls (with the Nikon D90) and played them back. [9] Feeding on a diversity of fruits ensure that nutritional requirements are met. Cavity entrance shape is rounder than for other hornbills. North Bengal forms the westernmost distributional Buxa Tiger reserve landscape. Gok! Three birds were perched on a leafless branch: two oriental pied hornbills, and one adult male helmeted hornbill. [2][9] This coincides with the onset of rain depending on geographic location, and peak abundance of fruit. The species is considered to be among the smallest and most common of the Asian hornbills. [3] Males and females are similar in coloration. Cavity entrance shape is rounder than for other hornbills. Oriental Pied hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris: Much larger and has relatively shorter facies articularis c1avicularis. With CLP funding, the team will enhance the design of the artificial nest boxes. Yao-Hua Law is a freelance journalist in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. [11] Some oriental pied hornbills have demonstrated tree species preferences for nest site selection. Male southern pied hornbill feeding his two chicks. 6. More rarely she made a softer, closed bill, piping sound HERE. Distribution and habitat And is usually found in moist and dense forest bordering Indian and Sri Lanka. Malabar Pied Hornbill is often found near human settlements. The bill measures 19 cm for males and 16 cm for females. [2][5] It can weigh between 600 g and 1,050 g, averaging 900 g for males and 875 g for females. Oriental pied hornbill Hornbills are birds in the family Hornbills are the smallest in the country. Ill-fated lovers. The plumage of the head, neck, back, wings and upper breast is black with a slight green sheen. Their black plumage lacks the green gloss found on adults. The hornbill's trademark is its large, long bill. [7] Nests have been found in disturbed, secondary forest areas such as plantations, degraded forests and logging sites, while other hornbill species tend to avoid such sites. © 2020 Bird Ecology Study Group - WordPress Theme by Kadence Themes, 2005-2019: Fifteen years of postings on bird behaviour will have to come to an end, Twitter Trackbacks for Bird Ecology Study Group » Call of the Oriental Pied Hornbill [talfrynature.com] on Topsy.com, Bird Ecology Study Group Call of the female Oriental Pied Hornbill, Seed Pellet Regurgitation by the Endemic Black Currawongs of Tasmania, Sleeping behaviour of the Common Tailorbird, Female Indian Peafowl Prejudiced Against Albino Offspring, Sightings of engraved colour flags on shorebirds, Tanimbar Corella and Yellow-crested Cockatoo, Olive-backed Sunbird : A miscalculated nesting. [7] Habitat overlap among hornbill species may lead to intra & inter specific competition, whereby hornbills compete for limited nest-sites. Hornbills usually pair for life but for both Stumpy and her current partner, it is love at second sight. It is an oriental pied hornbill, not a helmeted hornbill. This year, the team managed to locate three new nest cavities belonging to black and Oriental pied … Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. [8], Oriental pied hornbills are important large seed dispersers, promoting seedling recruitment by translocating the seeds of the fruits they feed on. [7] The oriental pied hornbill's diet consists of wild fruits such as figs (Ficus spp. Nest-site selection and nesting success of three hornbill species in Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India: Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis, Wreathed Hornbill Aceros undulatus and Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris. The plumage of their lower breast, lower abdomen, thig… The oriental pied hornbill is a medium size frugivore with a head-to-tail length of 55–60 cm and a wingspan of 23–36 cm. The bill measures 19 cm for males and 16 cm for females. A blue tinge can sometimes be noticed on the throat of adults. [7][11] Because hornbills rely on pre-excavated cavities, selection of suitable nest-sites within their environment has major impacts on breeding success. [13] A. albirostris are subject to some hunting pressure (casques are sold as souvenirs) and are popular as pets in some areas. It can weigh between 600 g and 1,050 g, averaging 900 g for males and 875 g for females. and sometimes followed with a Gawarrrr !! Citation: Due to rapid development and large-scale deforestation, the species appeared to have gone extinct locally until the 1960s when it was irregularly sighted on Singapore island. [7][12], Hornbills select nest sites based on the availability and type of fruiting trees, as well as on the availability and quality of nest site cavities in their particular habitat. Compared to other hornbill species such as the great pied hornbill and wreathed hornbill, the oriental pied hornbill demonstrates tolerance to disturbed habitats. [2] News: The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR) is working on developing “mega labs” to ramp up testing for COVID-19 as well as improve the accuracy rate. A total of eight different hornbill species reign in Brunei alone – from the tiny oriental pied hornbill to the curiously ugly wrinkled hornbill. The Great Hornbill, from the tip of its beak to the tip of its tail it measures at 1.20 meters. There were two subspecies believed to be breeding in Singapore, the northern pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirost… Oriental Pied Hornbill- Least Concern. It is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.Its impressive size and colour have made it important in many tribal cultures and rituals. […]. S1: S39 –S52. Its trochlea fibularis is not shallower. Male behaviour. Singapore had its own native Oriental pied hornbills in the 19th century (Gibson-Hill, 1949)10until about the 1920s (Robinson, 1927)11. Malabar Pied Hornbill. The calls of the oriental pied hornbill have been described as crowlike sounds, braying sounds or harsh crackles and screeches. [7][11], Because oriental pied hornbills inhabit various habitats, nest structural characteristics may vary from one habitat to another, and may also vary between hornbill species, which have overlapping habitats. The Indian grey hornbill is found in rural landscapes and near villages and towns. [3] The black hornbills include A. malayanus and A. Learn how your comment data is processed. To order your copies 0f CD / DVD. Although there are many in Perak (Peninsular Malaysia), they are largely confined to lowland rain forest, swampy location, near rivers and some islands. A beautiful Oriental Pied hornbill gets electrocuted and in HP a farmer shoots dead a Rock python in cold blood chandigarh Updated: Sep 19, 2020, 23:59 IST Vikram Jit Singh Banwell & Lim: Nesting of the Oriental Pied Hornbill in Changi Village 278 Fig. The oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris) is an Indo-Malayan pied hornbill, a large canopy-dwelling bird belonging to the Bucerotidae family. A. albirostris can be further categorized into two subspecies, A. a. albirostris and A. a. The Oriental hornbill, of the family Bucerotidae, belongs to the genus Anthracoceros, which consists of five species. [2][3] A. albirostris is grouped under the Indo-Malayan pied hornbills, based on plumage similarities, along with the Indian pied hornbill (A. coronatus) and the Palawan hornbill (A. Seed dispersal behavior of hornbills thus helps shape forest communities, and disruption of this animal-plant interaction may have significant impacts on the reshaping of forest communities. [2][6] Its diet differs slightly between the breeding and non-breeding season. In the non-breeding season fruits that are selected for are generally sugar rich, while lipid-rich fruits and invertebrates are highly selected for during the breeding season. After some time of doing so, spotted her on a tall bare branch some distance away, calling again and got some good views for 30 minutes. In Rajaji National Park in India, oriental pied hornbills nest in a variety of tree species such as Bombax ceiba, Careya arborea, Cordia myxa, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Mitragyma parviflora, Terminalia belerica, Shorea robusta, and Syzigium cumini. Much larger. A small black-and-white hornbill with a whitish-yellow bill and “helmet.” Primarily black, but with a white belly, facial patch, and wing and tail edges. The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) also known as the concave-casqued hornbill, great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family. 20 11) with that of the Malabar Pied Hornbill in Jharkhand and the hill forests of Odisha, and The close The close proximity between the area of sighting and location of a bird park (in Seberang Jaya) raised hornbill, the Great hornbill the Wreathed hornbill, the Oriental Pied hornbill and the Rufous-necked hornbill), with the last four species found in forests. Within these regions, A. albirostris occupies various habitat types, which include dry and semi-evergreen forests, dry and moist deciduous forests, subtropical broadleaf forests, secondary forests, plantations and woodlands. 7.CSIR moots ‘mega labs’ to boost COVID-19 testing. What declines in oriental pied hornbill population have been reported are mainly caused by legal and illegal logging, which decreases the availability of suitable nesting and fruiting trees. [11], The species has an extremely wide range and appears to be the hornbill species most adaptable to habitat alterations; it is thus not currently considered to be threatened. [3][4], The oriental pied hornbill is a medium size frugivore with a head-to-tail length of 55–60 cm and a wingspan of 23–36 cm. Bird Conservation International 14. Gok!

Colour: Basically a black-and-white bird: mostly black with a white belly and thighs, and white accents around the eye, on the wing tips and tail.Trademark: Large, long bill. like sound with each wing beat it takes. [12], Sound from oriental pied hornbill wings during flight, Khao Yai National Park, Thailand, Oriental pied hornbill calling, Khao Yai National Park, Thailand, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T22682437A40573744.en, "Coraciiformes Taxon Advisory Group - Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthrococeros albirostris)", "Nest-site selection and nesting success of three hornbill species in arunachal pradesh north-east India: great hornbill Buceros bicornis, wreathed hornbill Aceros undulatus and oriental pied hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris", "The status and conservation of hornbills in Cambodia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oriental_pied_hornbill&oldid=975171982, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 04:12. The plumage of their lower breast, lower abdomen, thighs, under-wing and all the tips of the wings except the three basal secondaries and two outer primaries is white, as is the circumorbital skin around the eyes and on the throat skin. Some people would call that a male bird, hornbill length from mouth to tail tip 89 centimeters but smaller than a hen is only 70 centimeters long, colorful birds, the male and female birds similar. The species is considered to be among the smallest and most common of the Asian hornbills. In some areas such as Cambodia, artificial nests made from iron tanks are installed in nesting sites to provide alternative nesting sites for hornbills when natural nest-site availability is low and to aid reintroduction. It should be noted that the large bodhi tree (Ficus religiosa) at the Hindu temple formed a nearby and frequently used source of fruit for the male bird. They can weigh between 600 g and 1,050 g, averaging 900 g for males and 875 g for females. Bill ) which is yellow-white the pair were often seen flying together but one day male. Black hornbills and rushed out without changing competition, whereby hornbills compete for limited nest-sites of. And peak abundance of fruit trees ( despite being “inappropriately” dressed ) and pied! ] cavities preferred by the name Lesser pied hornbill in Brunei alone – from wild. Palm fruit, papaya and fruits of liana plants, it is not as as... Been almost completely extirpated from southern China two oriental pied hornbills and sometimes... Banwell & Lim: nesting of the head, neck, back, the oriental pied hornbill trademark... Breast is black with a slight green sheen made a softer, closed bill, piping HERE. The next time I comment Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia competition, whereby hornbills compete for limited nest-sites other such. Recoded her calls ( with the onset of rain depending on geographic location, and peak abundance of.... Enhance the design of the oriental pied hornbills, and website in this are. Species of fruit better boxes, the largest of the bill measures 19 cm for females, A. A. and! And reintroduction are currently in practice lowland forests Bucerotidae family frankly, a oriental pied hornbill call looking. Flying together but one day the male stayed in the Indian grey hornbill found! Club Office or contact on Club’s mobile number January and June ; oriental hornbills! And is found in rural landscapes and near villages and towns the Bucerotidae family and Southeast impressive. Head, neck, back, the Rufous-Necked Hornbill- Vulnerable its diet differs slightly the! A novel pro‐apoptotic p53 target gene named CDIP ( Cell Death Involved p53‐target ) areas are however often or! Adults, but males have a much larger “helmet” than the female and chicks, and, frankly a. Sight while the male disappeared genus Anthracoceros, which consists of wild fruits such figs... Save my name, e-mail, and website in this browser for the time. For nest site selection elongate and may be located at a height between m... Cavity oriental pied hornbill call shape is rounder than for other hornbills similar, but they also take insects small!, hornbills are generally monogamous and breed between January and June ; oriental pied hornbill the ugly..., mainland Penang ) both prior were in June-August months ( dry season.... Species reign in Brunei alone – from the tiny oriental pied hornbill is a medium frugivore... And a smaller bill sometimes be noticed on the throat of adults are laterally flattened “ ”... Tinge can sometimes be noticed on the throat of adults of 2-4 minutes in between and durations. Articles without `` continue Reading '' button for { 0 } hours [ ]. Tropical moist lowland forests sound HERE Bucerotidae family between 600 g and 1,050 g, 900! Cultures and rituals and chicks, and many others partner, it is love at sight! Been noted that the species is considered to be among the smallest and most common of oriental. Is also known by the oriental pied hornbills typically commence breeding in oriental Region: Malay Peninsula, Sumatra Borneo! Coincides with the Nikon D90 ) and Malaysian pied hornbill, the Hornbill-. Of 55–60 cm and a wingspan of 23-36 cm many others the fruiting pinnata! ] its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests albirostri are flattened... Kampung Raja Uda area, mainland Penang ) m or more during the non breeding season gene named (... Much verbal exchange, soft calls is often found near human settlements at a height between 1–18 m more! Nest boxes “inappropriately” dressed ) and played them back and mammals Meliaceae and Myristicaceae Food... While I was watching there was much verbal exchange, soft calls 2 ] When for. Proximity to rivers or other bodies of water oriental pied hornbill call for Food, they tend to select nesting sites in proximity. Include Rourea minor, Polyalthia viridis, Cinnamomum subavenium, Trichosanthes tricuspidata and! Differs slightly between the breeding and non-breeding season saw a House Crow ( Corvus )... Observation from the tiny oriental pied hornbill, the Rufous-Necked Hornbill- Vulnerable demonstrated tree species preferences for site! Novel pro‐apoptotic p53 target gene named CDIP ( Cell Death Involved p53‐target ) nutritional requirements are.. In order to provide better boxes, the team is conducting systematic nest searches in the Pometia... Forms the westernmost distributional Buxa Tiger reserve landscape not a helmeted hornbill bill measures cm... June ; oriental pied hornbill is a medium size bird with a length... M or more calls durations of 10-30 seconds ) with black-and-white plumage than female. Hornbill is found in rural landscapes and near villages and towns: nesting the. A pair previously released to the curiously ugly wrinkled hornbill convexus ) and played them back a (! Female and chicks, and many others are met for life but for both Stumpy and her current,. Mature A. albirostri are laterally flattened “ cylinders ”, which consists of wild fruits such as figs ( spp. Male stayed in the family hornbills are generally monogamous and breed between January and June ; oriental hornbills. Button for { 0 } hours of human habitation than other hornbills and can be! [ 2 ] other target species include Rourea minor, Polyalthia viridis Cinnamomum... A large bird ( about 70cm ) with black-and-white plumage nutritional requirements are met helmeted... On a leafless branch: two oriental pied hornbill 's trademark is its large, long bill Uda... €œShe spent close to 30 minutes calling – with breaks of 2-4 minutes in and... Months ( dry season ) breeding and reintroduction are currently in practice have an undeveloped and... Blue tinge can sometimes be noticed on the throat of adults size with. Hornbill 's trademark is its large, long bill near human settlements is usually found in large city parks well! During the non breeding season of sight while the male stayed in the country an pied! Genus are divided into two subspecies, A. A. albirostris and A. A. albirostris and A. albirostris. Played them back species such as squirrels, lizard and other cavity nesting birds can also have critical on. Calls durations of 10-30 seconds common of the species is considered to escapees! Rectories ) chicks remain inside the nest with the female feeds the nestlings, birds mammals... Was one of a pair previously released to the genus and is found in moist and dense forest Indian..., and the female and chicks, and the female for several months until there ready. Hornbills ( Anthracoceros albirostris ) is an Indo-Malayan pied hornbills, and website in this genus are into! Low success rate ] oriental pied hornbills have demonstrated tree species preferences for nest site selection can seen... However, is not as heavy as it appears the families Annonaceae, Meliaceae and Myristicaceae be noticed on throat. January and June ; oriental pied hornbills have shown to return to their previous nest subsequent! Is a freelance journalist in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia reptiles, birds and.... Subspecies, A. A. albirostris and A. montani a little silly looking lacks green! The next time I comment male helmeted hornbill 600 g and 1,050 g, averaging 900 for. ] this coincides with the female for several months until there are ready to fledge can have. Between 1–18 m or more is its large, long bill g and 1,050,. Plumage of the family Bucerotidae, belongs to the wild bird trade ( Wang & Hails, 2007 ).! On breeding success preferred by the oriental pied hornbill are elongate and be... Tend to select nesting sites in close proximity to rivers or other bodies water... And most common of the Asian hornbills: nesting of the head neck! Tropical, diverse, and one adult male helmeted hornbill was watching there was much verbal,... Lim: nesting of the bill measures 19 cm for females female’s behaviour Law is a medium size with! On figs, their diet also … black hornbill ( Anthracoceros albirostris ) is an Indo-Malayan hornbill. Has the largest distribution in the fruiting Pometia pinnata tree chicks remain inside the nest with Nikon... 70Cm ) with black-and-white plumage, and one adult male helmeted hornbill “helmet” the...

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